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Pakistani People

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Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Religions: Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
Population: 193,238,868 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 34% (male 33,774,720/female 31,967,787)
15-24 years: 21.6% (male 21,560,699/female 20,223,691)
25-54 years: 35.1% (male 35,272,193/female 32,587,417)
55-64 years: 5% (male 4,767,260/female 4,832,047)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 3,877,418/female 4,375,636) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 61.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 54.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 %
potential support ratio: 14.1 (2013)
Median age: total: 22.2 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 22.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.52% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 23.76 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 6.69 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 36.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas – population: Karachi 13.125 million; Lahore 7.132 million; Faisalabad 2.849 million; Rawalpindi 2.026 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 832,000 (2009)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth: 22.7 (2007 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 260 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate: total: 59.35 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 62.56 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 55.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.71 years
male: 64.84 years
female: 68.66 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.96 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate: 27% (2007/08)
Health expenditures: 2.2% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density: 0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density: 0.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 92% of population

unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 8% of population (2010 est.)

Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 72% of population
rural: 34% of population
total: 48% of population

unimproved:
urban: 28% of population
rural: 66% of population
total: 52% of population (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 98,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 5,800 (2009 est.)
Obesity – adult prevalence rate: 5.5% (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 30.9% (2011)
Education expenditures: 2.4% of GDP (2010)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 54.9%
male: 68.6%
female: 40.3% (2009 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 7.7%
male: 7%
female: 10.5% (2008)

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